Prema Rasa Siddhanta
Prema Rasa SiddhantaLanguage :English
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Prema Rasa Madira (Vol. I - III)
Prema Rasa Madira (Vol. I - III)Language :English
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Surrender
Part - 1

Out of all the concepts that have been explained so far, the main concepts to understand are that one who loves is the premi, or the lover, and the one who is loved is the premaspad, or the Beloved, and that only God and Saints can occupy the seat of the Beloved. The mistake we have made so far is in our understanding of the most important thing: whom the lover should accept as the beloved. Since eternal time, we have heard and understood a lot, but on the practical level we always chose material personalities as our beloved.

We must further understand who it is that has to practice devotion. In general it is said that the individual soul practices devotion, however, the soul is a non-doer. It does not perform any actions. The performer of each and every action is the mind. I have explained this hundreds of times to you, but you people forget. You have come here with the genuine desire to practice devotion, but you forget the main point that it is the mind which must be attached to God. Mere physical work of the senses will not do. Activities with the senses like sankirtan, etc. are done to help you absorb the mind quickly in God. You might say something is better than nothing. However, Veda Vyasa says that devotion practiced only with the senses is not devotion at all: chetah khalvasya bandhaya muktaye chatmano matam . . . (Bhagavatam 3.25.15) “The mind alone is the cause of bondage as well as liberation.”

So if the question is asked who it is that has to love, the answer is the mind. When we say that someone loves, it means that he focuses his mind on the Beloved. In other words, we must fix the mind on God. However, many people say that it is useless to fix the mind on God. 


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti
Part - 2

There have come to this world many so-called learned people, who were in fact very ignorant. Just hear some of their theories. According to Sigmund Freud, it is an irrefutable law of nature that all human beings will always have a troubled mind. Therefore, he says that no one should hope for or try to attain peace and happiness. What a wonderful philosophy this is! Our world has produced such capable men! In the book titled Sickness of Civilization, Radhakamal Mukerjee of India refuted Freud’s philosophy that everyone is doomed to remain distressed, restless, and unfulfilled and that this is an inflexible law of nature. 

Another very famous philosopher is Schopenhauer. He says that it is the fate of the human mind to sway in sorrow and restlessness, and that there is no cure for it. But, we have a cure here in India. These philosophers have accepted defeat because they have used their material intellect to reach the answer. Neither do they conduct spiritual research themselves, nor are they willing to accept the findings of the great Sages who have conducted such research. What knowledge can they acquire in this way? Whatever knowledge they possess, they present in a book which is then called a “philosophical treatise.” However, their philosophy contains only their own limited and material knowledge.
 
Another philosopher, Bertrand Russell says that the dissatisfaction and troubles of the mind and its constant fluctuations have to be borne. There is no solution, but if a person immerses himself in work day and night, he can forget his miseries. This is his method. What he says is true to a great extent, because “an idle mind is the devil’s workshop." So the poor fellow has at least suggested a method of avoiding the problem. It is our tendency to engage in frivolous activities on our days off. People play cards, go to nightclubs, watch movies, gamble, go to restaurants and visit friends to engage in idle gossip. In other words, when we have free time, our mind goes to where it has formed attachments. And even if we sit at home, relaxing in our easy chair our mind engages in attachment and criticism of others. Russell’s method is somewhat effective for the common man, but it is certainly not a cure. 


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti
Part - 3

The hatha yogis recommend gaining control over the mind through sheer obstinacy. This is described in the Darshan Shastras as well. Pay close attention. This is spiritual philosophy, not material. In his Yoga Darshan, Patanjali describes the method to gain control over the mind. You hear the word “yoga” these days; it is being practiced everywhere. The yoga of today is mere physical exercise. The true meaning of yoga is disclosed by Patanjali in the aphorism: “Yog means to control the wavering of the mind.” 

The path of yoga does not only constitute postures; that is the physical part of yoga. Real yoga means to control the mind. For this, Patanjali has recommended many methods in his Yoga Darshan. But, in the end he accepts defeat and says that the techniques he is suggesting are very difficult and even if someone masters them, there is still no guarantee that the mind will always remain in control. Things can go wrong. Therefore, in the end he has written an aphorism: “Surrender to God.” He says, “If you surrender to God, I can then guarantee that your mind will come under control permanently. Otherwise, it will behave well for a while and misbehave once again.”

The West has its share of hatha yogis (advocates of forceful restraint of the mind on the strength of the willpower) like Diogenes who used to beg before a stone figure for food and clothing. A companion of his asked, “Are you insane? Why are you begging from a statue?” Diogenes answered, “I am doing this deliberately. I know very well that this statue will not give me anything. I am only practicing tolerance so that I may not feel badly if I speak to a person and he does not fulfil my request or even if he refuses to talk to me.” This was his method, but it will not take you to the goal. 

Swami Rama Tirtha had a strong liking for apples. Everyone has his or her likes and preferences. It may be something small or big; something good or bad. Some like eggplant; others have a craze for rasagullas. Everyone has his own habit or weakness. Swami Rama Tirtha’s weakness was for apples and he thought, “I try to take this mind to Shyamasundara, but it goes to apples instead.” So he sat in front of an apple and looked at it continuously. The entire day passed; then the night. Second day passed, then the third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh. The apple rotted and became infested with worms. Addressing his mind, Swami Tirtha said, “O mind! Do you still wish to eat this apple?” Why was he doing this? To control the mind, by not eating an apple put in front of it. This is not a solution, but excessive stubbornness. Today you win, and tomorrow, the apple may win. This method does not provide a permanent cure.


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti
Part - 4

Ramakrishna Paramhamsa would take a rupee in one hand and a lump of dirt in the other, and tossing them back and forth between both hands, he would repeat “Taka (rupee) maati (dirt).” He did this the entire day. People would ask, “What are you doing, O Revered Swami Ji?” “I am practicing convincing the mind that money is dirt, so that greed may never arise in me.” Imagine! He is a devotee of the Divine Mother; he should meditate on Her rather than doing taka-maati all day long. 

I accept that such methods bring temporary relief, however they do not result in gaining permanent control over the mind. You do not fall off a bicycle as long as it is moving. It may be moving forward, or turning right or left, you will not fall off. But as soon as you stop pedaling, you will fall. Likewise, our mind has to be moving constantly. It may be moving in the direction of the world or God. You cannot stop it from moving. God has given us such a machine that we cannot lock it up and put it away. Without the mind you cannot think, speak, walk or do anything else. Of course, one way to stop the mind from thinking is to smell chloroform and go into a state of deep sleep. Then you will not think, see or hear anything. However, you do not need chloroform to go off into a state of deep sleep.

Right here there may be half a dozen dholaks being played in kirtan, still some people manage to go off to sleep. And if I tell them to stand up, they look behind as if I am addressing someone else. In other words, they think it is someone else who has been caught sleeping. You see, the one who has been sleeping does not realise he has been sleeping. When he opens his eyes, he thinks that he has been awake all along. So you see the mind stops functioning in deep sleep. At that time, you do not do anything at all. You do not speak, think or understand anything. Other than this, it is impossible to lock the mind away some place. Psychiatrists accept this fact as well. 


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti

Part - 5

William James created a formula, which is somewhat correct. He says that there are two things - desire and gain, or longing and attainment of worldly goods. If your desires reduce and your worldly goods increase, then you get more happiness. And if your desires are greater and your worldly gain is less, you experience unhappiness. So if you want happiness, reduce your desires and if you want misery, increase your desires. If your desires come to zero, that is the greatest happiness and if your worldly gain comes to zero, that is the greatest misery. What he is saying is not altogether wrong, but it is a theoretical philosophy. How do you practically bring your longings to zero? James does not answer this question in his book. How wonderful it would be if we could destroy desires by mere thinking, “I will no longer desire; I will no longer desire; I will no longer desire.” If this were possible, then why would the greatest yogis and ascetics perform the difficult sadhanas that they do? James must have thought to himself, “Have I destroyed my own desires?” Then he must have thought, “No, but still I am going to write about it.”
 
You say that you can eliminate desires by merely thinking about eliminating them. But this is impossible. The mother of desire is maya. Unless God Himself gives a signal to maya to leave the individual alone, desires cannot come to an end. Great sages, ascetics and yogis who are capable of travelling through the sky at will, who can acquire thousands of bodies simultaneously and who have many mystic powers have not been able to do it. How can you? Just constantly pondering over and reflecting, “I should not increase desires,” as psychology says is a very ineffective cure. Everyone, not only the psychiatrists, know that desires are undesirable, but merely knowing this will not benefit you.

Right from birth, a child hears from his parents that it is wrong to tell lies. The child grows up hearing this; he reads about it and later as an adult he lectures others about it, but still he cannot renounce the habit of lying. Why? Because it benefits him to tell lies. Because he is attached to material goods, he will do whatever he can to acquire them. So it does not help to merely know, hear and read about it. This is why even this theory is unacceptable to us. However, this method has been proven somewhat beneficial. 


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti
Part - 6

A philosopher by the name of David Hume writes in his book that all the psychiatrists in the world using all medicines available cannot give the same relief to a patient, as a man following the most ordinary, basic religious principles. An ordinary believer, mind you. How much more can a great believer accomplish! 

Thus, we see that there are many theories regarding the mind prevalent in the world, but none of these theories suggests any permanent cure. The first and most important problem is that you will not attain divine bliss by using these methods. The unlimited divine happiness that the soul is seeking will not be attained by these cures, even if the impossible is achieved and you put an end to all desires. At the very most, even though this is absolutely impossible too, anger, lust, greed, infatuation and envy will come to an end. But you will still not attain divine bliss. The fact is that no one can bring these evil tendencies under control permanently. They become suppressed for some time for everyone. Right now, all of you are free from lust, anger and greed, and are listening attentively to what I am saying. Who can guess that you are afflicted by any of these maladies? But they are all within you and finding the right opportunity, they manifest themselves.

If someone pushes you, you flare up and say, “Can’t you see where you are going?” See, anger has made its appearance. You see a 1000 rupee note and no one is around. You put it in your pocket. Greed has come. You do not announce among the satsangis, “Has anyone lost 1000 rupees?" Now, if it was a 100 rupee note, it gets announced. One’s dignity is preserved and one is even termed “honest.” 

So all bad qualities reside within us and finding the appropriate atmosphere, they manifest externally. It is not wise to try for temporary relief from these vices. If you are going to make an effort, make sure that the disease is destroyed at the root. I will not go into detail about the various remedies recommended by Mimansa, Nyaya, Vaisheshik, Yoga of Patanjali and the Advait Vedanta of Shankaracharya. This is a very detailed topic. Understand in brief that the mind cannot be controlled, and that the diseases of maya will not leave you until you are free of maya. And how can we attain liberation from maya


An English translation of a discourse delivered in Hindi by:
Jagadguru Shri Kripalu Ji Maharaj
©Radha Govind Samiti



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